The Queensland Building Fire Safety (Domestic Smoke Alarms) Legislation Amendment Regulations 2016 stipulates that for existing dwellings from 1 January 2017, when replacing smoke alarms, they must be of a photoelectric type which complies with Australian Standard (AS) 3786 – 2014. Ionisation type detectors are no longer acceptable. This legislation further requires any existing smoke alarms manufactured more than 10 years ago or those that do not operate when tested must be replaced. Existing hardwired smoke alarms which need replacement must be replaced with a like type hardwired smoke alarm system.
As of January 1, 2017 dwellings being sold, leased or where an existing lease is to be renewed, the above requirements also apply. Existing landlord’s and tenant’s obligations regarding installation and testing of smoke alarms continue; and property sellers must continue to lodge a Form 24 with the Queensland Land Registry Office stating the requirements of the smoke alarm legislation have been met.
New dwellings being built and dwellings being substantially renovated i.e. where the development approval process is triggered, as from 1 January 2017, must incorporate photoelectric type smoke alarms (AS3786: 2014), to be hardwired to the mains power supply with a secondary power source (i.e. battery) and be interconnected with every other smoke alarm in the dwelling so all activate together. Smoke alarms must be installed on each storey;
· in each bedroom;
· in hallways which connect bedrooms and the rest of the dwelling; or
· if there is no hallway, between the bedroom and other parts of the storey; and
· if there are no bedrooms on the storey at least one smoke alarm must be installed in the most likely path of travel to exit the dwelling.
Where practicable Smoke alarms must be placed on the ceiling. Smoke alarms must not be placed:
· within 300 mm of a corner of the ceiling and wall;
· within 300 mm of a light fitting;
· within 400 mm and air-conditioning vent;
· within 400 mm of the blades of a ceiling fan.
There are special requirements for stairways, sloping ceilings and ceilings with exposed beams specific requirements are explained in the building Fire Safety Regulations 2008